What is Collagen? Food sources, Types, Gelatin and More

Sep 10 , 2020

What is Collagen? Food sources, Types, Gelatin and More

 What is collagen?

Collagen is the main structural protein in the human body. It is the single most abundant protein, making up from 25% to 35% of the whole-body protein content. It occurs throughout the body, but is mostly found in skin, bones, cartilage, tendons and ligaments, providing strength and structure.*

 

What does collagen mean?

Collagen is literally the “glue” that holds our tissue together. The name collagen comes from the Greek kolla, meaning “glue” and suffix -gen, denoting “producing”. This refers to the early process of boiling the skin and sinews of horses and other animals to obtain glue.

 

Why should you supplement collagen?

Human bodies naturally produce collagen every day. Around the age of 30, our bodies naturally begin to produce less collagen, and the first signs of aging start to occur, such as wrinkles. This is because there is less collagen providing elasticity and structural support to the skin.

 

Where does collagen come from?

Collagen occurs naturally in our bodies. Foods that are rich in collagen includes beef, chicken, fish, eggs. The most collagen in animal products are found in their tendons, skin, bones and ligaments.

 

What are the types of collagen?

As of 2011, 30 different types of collagen have been identified. The most common types include:

Type I: the most abundant collagen and found in skin, tendon, bone & ligament

Type II: the main component of cartilage

Type III: primarily present in reticular fibers, commonly along with type I

Type V: located in hair, placenta & cell surfaces

Type X: also occurs in the cartilage

 

What are collagen peptides?

Native collagen consists of three long chains of amino acids in a triple helix. This full length form of collagen is unhydrolyzed and difficult to digest. Collagen peptides are made by breaking down the collagen protein into much shorter amino acid chains via a process called enzymatic hydrolyzation. Because the resulting peptides, also known as hydrolyzed collagen, are physically much smaller in structure, they are more easily absorbed and used by your body.

 

What is the collagen hydrolyzation process?

The hydrolyzation process uses enzymes and high-pressure steam to cut the super collagen molecule into small pieces by breaking the chemical bond. The degree of hydrolysis has an effect on the average molecular weight of the final product.

 

What is the difference between gelatin and collagen peptides?

Collagen peptides are completely hydrolyzed collagen, while gelatin is partially hydrolyzed collagen. That means gelatin has longer chain structure, making it only dissolve in hot water. Gelatin turns to liquid when hot, and jellifies as it cools. Gelatin’s gel-forming property makes it commonly used in the food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries.

 

Which is better, capsule or powder form?

It’s all about your personal preference. Collagen powder can be directly added to coffee, smoothies or oatmeals, while capsules are favored by those people who want a quick and easy option. Of course, you can open collagen capsules to pour the power into any drinks you want.

 

How to protect the collagen you already have?

While you can’t avoid aging, you can protect your existing collagen by following these tips:

√ Maintain a healthy eating lifestyle and limit sugar intake

√ Avoid excessive sun exposure

√ Don’t smoke

√ Reduce stress to a minimum

 


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